If you are considering becoming a foster parent, there are naturally some important things to consider. For example, what are the Kansas foster care bedroom requirements?
Kansas foster care bedroom requirements state that privacy for the occupants of all bedrooms shall be ensured. At night each caregiver shall sleep within hearing distance of the child in foster care, and the licensee shall ensure that each occupant of the bedroom can easily exit through the window.
According to code Kan. Admin. Regs. § 28-4-821, foster care bedroom requirements are as follows:
- Each licensee must guarantee that enough sleeping space is available to suit the number of foster family members as well as each child in care.
- An unfinished attic or basement, a hall, a closet, a laundry room, a garage, or any other living area that is regularly utilized for purposes other than sleeping is not considered a sleeping space.
- A room that serves as a regular passageway to another room, another bedroom, or the outdoors is not permitted to be utilized as a bedroom.
- The ceiling height between each bed and each outdoor exit must be at least six feet eight inches.
- To maintain privacy, each bedroom must have a solid door.
Each bedroom must have at least two escape routes. Each escape route must be easily accessible from the inside.
An unobstructed passage leading to an exit door to the outdoors must be available as at least one means of departure from the bedroom.
The second method of escape must provide direct access to the outdoors and be an unobstructed door or window that can be opened without the need for tools from the inside.
The window must have a minimum width of 20 inches and a minimum height of 24 inches.
The window must be within 44 inches of the ground or have permanent stairs or similar immovable device that bring the window within 44 inches of the top of the steps or fixture.
- The screen on a screened window must be readily removed from the inside.
- Each tenant of the bedroom must be able to readily depart through the window, as determined by the licensee.
- If a sliding glass door is one of the options for escape, it must be easily opened from the inside.
- All false ceilings, curtains, drapes, or fabric used in ceiling or wall decoration in each sleeping room must be constructed of fire-resistant materials.
- All bedrooms must provide privacy for their inhabitants.
Each foster child must have his or her own bed or crib.
To prevent damage or entrapment of the child, the bed or crib must be intact, completely functioning, and in good repair.
The bed or crib is large enough to suit the child’s size and weight.
The mattress in the bed or crib is clean and, if necessary, has a waterproof covering.
The linen in the bed or crib is suited for the season and the child’s age.
- Each bed that requires bed springs must have them in excellent working order.
- If a child in foster care uses a bunk bed, the upper bunk must be covered on all sides by railings. Headboards and footboards can be used to replace the bed’s end rails.
- Each foster child who uses the upper bunk must be at least six years old.
- Except when children in foster care are visiting the family foster home for a social function or short-term respite care, no rollaway bed, hideaway bed, or other temporary bed may be utilized.
- Each foster child under the age of 12 months must sleep in a crib.
A playpen may be used to sleep in while the child takes a nap.
If a crib or playpen has slats, the slats must be no more than 2 3/8 inches apart.
When the mattress is positioned in the lowest position, no more than two fingers may fit between the mattress and the crib edge.
The crib corner post extensions must be no more than 1 1/16 inches in length.
The drop side of the crib must be fastened in the up position when the crib is in use.
- When a child under the age of 12 months is sleeping in the crib or playpen, no pillow, quilt, comforter, blanket, bumpers, or other soft goods that might induce asphyxia should be utilized.
- Each and every foster child aged 12 months and above may sleep in a crib until they are 18 months old or reach a height where the crib’s upper rail is at the child’s breast level while standing and the crib mattress is at the lowest level.
- When prescribed by the child’s physician, each child in foster care who is 18 months but not yet 30 months old may sleep in a crib.
- Each caregiver must sleep within hearing distance of the foster child at night.
- A child who is five years old or older must share a room with only other children of the same gender.
A child who is suspected of being a sexual perpetrator or victim of sexual abuse is not allowed to share a room unless certain requirements are satisfied.
The child’s placement agent, the home’s sponsoring child-placing agency, and the licensee evaluate probable roommate arrangements.
If a foster child under the age of five shares a room with another child under the age of five, all of the children sharing the room must be age-mates or under the age of five.
A parent’s child in foster care may share a room with his or her own child or children.
- If the child in foster care is under the age of 12 months or is sick, the child in foster care may sleep in the licensee’s bedroom.
- If a child in foster care has specific developmental or medical requirements that necessitate close monitoring as confirmed by a physician, the child in foster care may sleep in the licensee’s bedroom.
- If a foster child sleeps in the licensee’s room, that room must be at least 130 square feet.
- Each licensee must provide each child in foster care with separate and accessible drawer space for personal things and closet space for clothing.
More Foster Care Requirement Considerations
Over and above the minimum requirements a foster parent must meet in the state of Kansas, there are other things to take into consideration when setting up a foster care home.
Foster care training will help you prepare during your foster care preparation course, and your care home study caseworker will help to ensure your home is ready for a foster child. The state of Kansas provides a supportive foster care network.
For example, furniture and TV tip-over accidents have severely injured and even killed young children.
The majority of parents do not consider furniture and televisions to be unsafe. Serious harm can and does occur when these things tip over, and safety issues should be at the forefront of your mind.
Children frequently utilize dressers and bookcases as climbing toys in the house, resulting in tip-overs.
Furthermore, as huge televisions become more popular, the chance of significant harm from a television falling increases.
As a foster parent, you want your foster family to be safe, so let’s go over ways to ensure you meet the foster care bedroom requirements for the state of Kansas. The Kansas foster care system and state laws will make sure you meet the minimum standards to be a licensed foster care provider. Safety requirements are at the very top of that list.
Curious about what all of the requirements are to be a foster parent? Visit here for more information.
Furniture Tip-Over Statistics
A foster parent will need to do a walk-through of their home and especially the foster children’s bedrooms for any hidden dangers such as furniture that could tip over and seriously injure a child.
- Furniture and television tip-overs are the most common causes of injury in children under the age of six, with a peak at two years old. Concussions and closed head injuries are most common in young children.
- Children 10 to 17 years of age had the most injuries as a result of toppling desks, cabinets, and bookcases. These older children are more likely to sustain injuries to their lower bodies.
- In 2019, 11,521 children were treated in emergency rooms for injuries caused by furniture or television tip-overs. Every 46 minutes, one child is killed.
What Causes Furniture Tip-Overs?
The majority of injuries are caused by unsecured furniture that falls or tips over. A youngster frequently drags the furniture upon themself.
Children climbing the furniture or tipping it over on another youngster are two potential causes.
Young children are unable to consider the consequences of their behavior. They are typically unable to avoid a falling piece of furniture or of pushing the furniture off of themselves if they become caught.
The majority of injuries occur in youngsters under the age of seven.
Foster families need to be very careful, and children can do things we wouldn’t expect them to do.
How to Prevent Furniture From Tipping Over
As a foster parent, there are things you can do to prevent falling furniture.
Flat-screen TVs should be secured, and older TVs should be used with caution.
- Cords should be tucked away so that they can’t be yanked on or constitute a tripping hazard.
- Use a TV stand instead of a shelf or a dresser. These aren’t designed to hold the weight of a television. Check the size and weight constraints before buying a TV stand.
- Consider recycling your old TV if it’s one of those hefty, bulky models with a flat back.
- If you’re going to utilize a TV stand, be sure it’s one meant for that purpose. Choose one that is the proper size for the size and type of television you own. Use safety straps or L-brackets to secure the TV and its stand to the wall.
- When at all feasible, mount flat-screen TVs on the wall.
Secure furniture to the wall, such as shelves, desks, and dressers.
- Use safety straps or L-brackets to secure furniture to the wall.
- Avoid putting tempting objects on top of furniture, such as toys or the remote. If your child sees it, she will attempt to obtain it.
- There are safety straps that don’t require drilling holes in furniture and can secure things weighing up to 100 pounds.
- Furniture with broad legs or robust bases is a good choice.
- Place heavy objects on shelves near the floor.
- To prevent drawers from being pulled out more than two-thirds of the way, install drawer stops on all of them.
So how do you become a foster parent, anyway? Read more here.
Dangers of Blind Cords
Window blind cords can be a risk to babies, small children, and vulnerable people. They could injure or strangle themselves on looped cords and chains. You should take steps to keep your child safe because they could lose their life on a window blind cord in a few seconds.
How Do You Keep Blind Cords From Kids?
A foster parent who already has blinds installed in their house will want to follow the steps below to help limit the risk of harm to newborns and young children:
- A window blind should not be placed near your child’s crib, bed, high chair, or playpen.
- Examine each blind in your home, and if any has a looped or potentially looped cable or chain, make sure a safety device is in place to keep the cord or chain safely tucked away out of their reach.
- Cord or chain tidies, P-clips, and cleats are all available as safety measures.
- Children love to climb, so keep couches, chairs, tables, shelves, and bookcases away from window blinds.
In addition to daycare, grandparents, friends and family, hotels, and restaurants, be aware of blind cord safety in other areas where your children may visit and spend time.
What Are the Safest Blinds For Children?
Always search for a blind that is ‘safe by design,’ such as cordless or concealed chord systems, when purchasing new blinds for your house or locations where newborns or young children reside or visit.
Some blinds contain built-in safety features, such as chain break connectors that break apart if the operating chain is overloaded.
Follow the instructions provided and make sure all safety measures are installed if new blinds are operated by cords or chains and do not have an in-built safety device.
If you hire professionals to install your blinds, they must also install the safety measures.
How Do You Keep a Child From Falling Out of a Window?
Room by room, you’ve childproofed your house. However, there is one possible threat that you may have overlooked or underestimated; your windows. Every foster parent should not overlook window safety.
Every year, around 3,300 children aged 5 and under are treated in hospital emergency departments after falling out of a window.
Twenty-five percent of the children who have fallen out of a window end up in an intensive care unit, and a large majority of them depart with some kind of handicap.
Window falls aren’t simply an issue for children who live in high rises; in fact, the majority of them happen from lower levels. They happen in a millisecond, due to a toddler’s inclination for hands-on exploration rather than a lack of supervision. If you put your hand or your bottom against a screen, it may pop out.
Listed below are several ways you can ensure that your child does not fall out of a window:
- Install window guards or window locks to keep children safe.
- Keep the space in front of the windows clean of items.
- When not in use, keep windows closed and locked.
- Double-hung windows should be opened from the top.
- A window screen will not be able to withstand the weight of a youngster.
Privacy in a Shared Bedroom
Privacy is something that all family members care about, not just foster children. One thing to consider for older children sharing a bedroom is the growing need for privacy. As children’s bodies begin to change, they can become very self-conscious.
Providing a standing privacy screen like the one below offers a shared bedroom with a place to stand behind while dressing with the peace of mind knowing they aren’t being watched.
Storage for Personal Belongings
Each child will need a place of their own to store their personal belongings. If you need storage ideas for a child’s personal belongings, we have some ideas that follow:
- Under-the-bed storage using storage bins
- Dressers for each child
- Shelving with baskets or plastic bins
- Hanging nets for stuffed animals
- Nightstands for each child
There are multiple ways to provide a personal storage solution for each child. It is amazing what can be done if the time is taken to be a bit creative.
Whether the foster children will be there for a short time while you provide respite care, or whether they are in your care long-term, having ample storage for each child is essential.
Reliable and Safe Heating and Cooling
You don’t want your foster child to be shivering in his or her bed because he or she can’t get warm. Alternatively, they may feel so overheated from the summer heat that they are unsure how they will get through the dreary night.
A foster home should be comfortable.
It is essential to have a good heating and cooling system. Not only must they be in good functioning order, but a foster parent must also make use of them to keep the house warm.
No youngster should be forced to freeze or succumb to near heatstroke unnecessarily in order to save a little money on utility bills.
Your heating and cooling systems should be working properly to give a degree of comfort while also providing you the efficiency you need for your budget with proper house insulation and heating and cooling maintenance.
Closets for Clothing
A physical closet is more of a need aimed at real estate since potential homeowners would naturally desire a closet in each bedroom.
However, for the purposes of fostering children, a closet is not required as a space for them to store their belongings.
Some alternate ways of storing clothing without a closet follow:
- Using a combination of dresses, rods, and shelves
- Add curtains overexposed hanging clothing to hide a cluttered look
- Purchase clothing racks
- Large baskets under beds
- Install piles to use as clothing rods
- Clothes hanging rack and shelving storage behind a bed near headboard area
This is by no means a complete list of bedroom requirements for foster children, but it does provide a good idea of the things that will need to be addressed when preparing your home to foster a child.
Your foster care training and the care home study provider you will be working with is on your side and wants you to succeed in being prepared to take in foster children. So don’t sweat it if you feel a bit overwhelmed at first.
Firearms Are Locked and Out of Reach
There are other things within the home that you may want to be aware of over and above the foster child’s room. Home study social workers will have the issue of firearms at the top of their list.
The state of Kansas will require that you keep your handgun unloaded when storing it. Locked guns, of course, should never be kept in a child’s room.
When storing ammunition, keep it separate from the guns. Ammunition must be kept secured and out of reach of your foster children, just as weapons must be kept locked and out of reach.
You must notify the foster care agency if you find yourself in possession of a handgun while fostering or going through the foster care application process.
Each handgun in the home should, if possible, have a trigger lock.
A Bedroom and Home Should Be Clean and In Good Repair
Your house must be spotless and in good working order. It’s a good idea to clean your house well before beginning the foster care application process so that it’s ready for inspection.
This form of cleaning should go beyond the bedroom and is similar to what some people call spring cleaning. Here are some examples of thorough cleaning:
• Hire a carpet cleaner to steam clean your carpets.
• Clean your windows from the inside as well as the exterior.
• Remove the refrigerator and clean behind and beneath it.
• Wipe clean all inside walls with a damp cloth.
• Launder throw rugs in the washing machine.
• Get your broom and search the ceilings for cobwebs.
• Mop your floors, giving special attention to the floor’s edges as well as any dust and grime-collecting molding.
• Dust hard-to-reach areas like ceiling fans and the refrigerator’s top.
• Clean the window sills and jambs.
Your home’s exterior will also require maintenance. Here are some things to think about:
• Make sure the yard is clutter-free.
• To avoid tripping and injury, fill all holes in the yard.
• Check that the fencing is solid and secure to avoid a child falling out of the yard.
• Make sure the siding on the outside of the house, as well as the gutters, are secure so that nothing falls on the youngster.
• Check to see if any of the trees in your yard have any suspicious limbs that might fall and cause damage.
Other Things to Consider
Foster parents are desperately needed in the state of Kansas, as in all other states. Foster children have all gone through some level of trauma, loss, and grief and need loving homes to go to.
The home study process will guide you through home preparation, so you’re not alone.
Group homes that accommodate a larger number of foster children at one time are also in need providing your home meets those state requirements.
Foster homes are provided monthly financial assistance to cover the costs of a foster child’s room and board, transportation to court hearings, primary medical needs, and counseling appointments.
Many foster children have suffered sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and physical abuse and will need transportation to counseling appointments often.
The length of time that these counseling appointments last is dependent on the extent of their trauma, as well as the length of time they will reside in your foster home.
The goal will always be to reunite the foster child with their birth parents. There are times, however, when a foster child will be eligible for adoption.
A foster child’s relatives are generally given the option to adopt the child first. If there are no relatives available to adopt an eligible foster child, the foster parents are almost always given the option to adopt the foster child.
If a foster parent is ever interested in being adoptive parents to a foster child, know the opportunity does come up, but be careful.
One of the hard parts about being a foster parent is becoming attached and then having to say goodbye as the foster child is reunited with their biological family.
In a nutshell, to become a foster parent in Kansas, you will go through the following steps:
- Request information from your local Department of Human Resources
- Fill out paperwork
- Submit a background check and fingerprints
- Attend an orientation to get your questions answered
- Participate in the foster care training program
- Meet with a social worker several times in your home to conduct your home study
These steps prepare foster parents to accept a foster child into their foster family home.
About the Author:
Trina Greenfield is passionate about providing information to those considering growing their family. Trina does not run an adoption agency. Her website is strictly information-based, so she is able to provide unbiased, credible information that she hopes will help guide those along their journey.