How to Become a Foster Parent in Minnesota: Complete Guide

How to Become a Foster Parent in Minnesota: Complete Guide

Becoming a foster parent can be incredibly rewarding for both a child in need and the foster parent. So, how do you become a foster parent in Minnesota?

To become a foster parent in the state of Minnesota, one must be at least 21 years of age. A valid driver’s license as well as home and auto insurance is also required. You will complete a home study assessment, and everyone 13 years or older will be subject to a background check.

As you can imagine, the entire list of requirements to foster a child in the state of Minnesota is much more extensive. Let’s take a look at the requirement details to get you started on your way to deciding whether becoming a foster parent is something you wish to pursue.

We will cover the following in this article:

The best place for children is with their families, yet sometimes due to no fault of their own, children need to be moved into a foster home.

Most children in foster care have experienced some level of trauma in their young life. This trauma is not always necessarily related to abuse or neglect, but also the trauma of being removed from their family and their home.

All foster children need a safe and loving home where they are met with patience and understanding. You are highly encouraged to learn more to see if becoming a foster parent is a good fit for you and your family.

How to Become a Foster Parent in Minnesota

There are 9 steps to becoming a foster parent.

How to Become a Foster Parent in Minnesota:

1. Make the decision.


2. Research the requirements.



4. Call your local Department of Human Services.


5. Attend an orientation.



6. Ask questions.



7. Attend training.



8. Prepare for a home inspection.



9. Participate in home study.

Once you and your family have decided to open your home to children in need, reach out to your local Department of Human Services to request more information on becoming a foster parent.

You will likely be invited to an informational orientation where you will have an opportunity to meet with other hopeful foster parents as well as to share any questions or concerns you may have with the orientation facilitators.

Providing you meet all of the other requirements to become a foster parent, you along with all other adults in the home will undergo a background check and submit fingerprints.

Training classes will be required, as well as an in-home inspection to ensure your home meets all of the safety and environmental standards required for all foster homes.

Along with the home inspection, a state representative will be assigned to meet with you in your home several times to get to know you and your family. This is what is referred to as the home study process.

To learn more about preparing your home for the state inspections and the home study process, visit our article What is Adoption Home Study? Your Complete Guide, as the home inspection and home study requirements for adoption and fostering are very similar in nature. Here you will find an extensive checklist to help you feel more prepared and ready for the entire process.

What are Foster Parents?

Most people have heard of foster parents or the foster care system. But what exactly are foster parents?

Foster parents are temporary yet primary, fulltime parents to a child who has been displaced from their original home for a variety of reasons. Foster parents must become trained by the state in which they reside and meet a multitude of state requirements to become licensed foster parents.

The need for foster parents is great, as there are many children who need a safe, loving home. Children are innocent participants in life’s challenges, and there are times when the state of Minnesota must remove a child from their home until a solution to an existing problem is resolved.

Who are these children that need to be placed into foster care?

  • Brothers and sisters who really need to stay together.
  • Children who are currently unable to live with their birth families due to possible neglect, or physical abuse.
  • Teens with various degrees of mental, physical or emotional troubles.
  • Children from a variety of ethnic and economic groups.
  • Adults with special needs may find themselves in need of a caring foster home.

Are you able to open your home to a child who needs you? Should you decide that being a foster parent is a path you would like to take, you are strongly encouraged to apply by visiting Minnesota Department of Human Resources.

Requirements to Become a Foster Parent in Minnesota

There are several requirements that one must meet to be eligible to be a foster parent in the state of Minnesota.

Requirements to Become a Foster Parent in Minnesota:

1. You are at least 21 years of age.

2. You can provide a safe, comfortable home.

3. Your home meets the minimum requirements.

4. Space for the child and his or her belongings.

5. Must be financially stable.

6. Must have a valid driver’s license.

7. Adults in home will submit a background check.

8. Must have home and auto insurance.

9. Own or rent a safe residence.

The Process:

The licensing process for prospective foster parents takes on average about three to four months to complete. This timeframe is largely dependent on how quickly and efficiently the families complete their application, provide personal and medical references, and complete background checks as well as the required training.

  • The first step in becoming a foster parent is to make that first contact. The Department of Human Services has a contract with MN ADOPT to provide information about foster care. Visit the MN ADOPT’s Fostering Network to learn more and to get you started in the right direction. They may also be reached by phone at 612-746-5133, and Email.


  • You will be required to fill out an application and fact sheet. I have provided those forms below for your convenience:
  • A background study is required for all individuals in the home who are 13 years of age and older. Finger print cards and instructions on how to complete the background study are provided.


  • A social worker will be assigned to come to your home to begin the home study process. The social worker’s responsibility is to determine the home will be safe for a child both environmentally as well as emotionally and mentally. If you would like to download information on this process, see below:
  • Once you have completed the process you will be eligible to receive your foster care license. Each year you will have ongoing training requirements that will need to be met in order to maintain your license and to keep you up-to-date on all things foster-care related. For more information on Minnesota’s Foster Care training, see below:

The goal with every foster-child placement is the reunification of the child with their biological family. A foster family is expected to support and encourage a child’s safe return to the family they came from.

Important to note is that a child’s biological parents retain their parental rights during a child’s foster care stay, unless those right were terminated by a judge.

As with any home with children, a foster family home should provide children with an adequate, balanced, and appetizing food diet. Comfortable and stylish clothing that fits well is also to be expected, as well as shelter, safety and education.

Foster parents are expected to encourage the foster child to participate in activities and events that will help the child develop their social and intellectual skills. Academic education is also excepted in maintaining good health, as well as human physical development and function.

If a child comes from a particular religion or has a given moral compass, foster parents are strongly encouraged to support and respect such practices.

Adolescents must be provided the opportunity to train for a vocation, as well as day-to-day living experiences in community living such as work, religious beliefs, budget handling, and social skills.

Foster parents are relied upon to provide transportation to and from any mandated counseling appointments, court hearings, and to also comply with biological parent visits.

Do You Make Money Fostering a Child?

Those new to the idea of fostering a child may ask themselves, do you make money fostering a child?

You can make money fostering a child. A stipend is provided to compensate for the child’s room and board, clothing, and other daily incidentals. The higher the needs of the child, the higher the reimbursement. This money is for the child and not meant to supplement the foster parent’s lifestyle.

When considering the pros and cons of being a foster parent, monetary reasons should not be a motivating factor.

As a former foster care child myself, I remember when my foster parent took me shopping with her own money, as the state of Washington would only offer a $100 clothes voucher per year per child. Yes, per year.

I have heard stories of foster parents not spending any of the money on their foster children. Even birthdays are overlooked and no presents are presented to celebrate a birthday that might or might not be remembered or given attention to, as a few bad apples use the stipend on themselves instead.

There is certainly compensation for helping provide for these children, but you won’t get rich doing it. They need our sincere concern not motivated by money.


Related Article: To learn more about becoming a foster parent in Minnesota, visit Requirements to Be a Foster Parent in Minnesota: Be Prepared that includes a very detailed checklist of how to prepare and pass your home study.



How Much do Foster Parents Get Paid in Minnesota?

Foster care applicants naturally will be asking, how much do foster parents get paid per child in Minnesota?

Foster care parents in Minnesota receive a monthly payment of between $651 to $775, depending on the age of the child. Board payments must be used for the child and are reimbursement for room and board, clothing, school and personal supplies, and a small allowance for the child.

Monthly Foster Care Payments in Minnesota:

AgeDaily Per DiemMonthly
0-11$21.69$650.70
12-14$24.97$749.10
15-18$25.84$775.20

These above per diems are meant to be spent on the child for food, clothing, school supplies, school activities, allowance, diapers, shelter expenses, and anything else the child may need.

Fostering a child is not a career and should not be viewed as a way to make money. 

For a child requiring emergency shelter, the foster care provider is paid a per diem rate of $35 per day.

Medical care coverage will come from the biological family first. If that option is not available for the child, then the child will be eligible for medical assistance through the state of Minnesota.

Foster children in Minnesota may also be eligible for free or reduced lunches through the local school programs.