How to Adopt Your Stepchild in Connecticut: 3 Things You Must Know

Connecticut adoptions can be full of long processes and requirements, yet when adopting your stepchild, the process is not always that extensive. Many stepparents fall in love with their stepchildren and wish to adopt them as their own. So how do you adopt your stepchild in Connecticut?

To adopt a stepchild in Connecticut, the stepparent wishing to adopt must obtain stepchild adoption court forms, often available at the local courthouse, or may be purchased online from a court form service. If the biological parent is contest the adoption, then hiring a lawyer is strongly encouraged.

adopting a stepchild in Connecticut

In Connecticut, stepparents may choose to adopt their stepchild for multiple reasons, including:

  • Adopting a child grants the stepparent the same legal rights and responsibilities as biological parents, allowing them to make decisions regarding their educational, health-related, and other important matters.
  • Adopting creates an emotional connection between the stepparent and child while providing stability and security for both.
  • Should a stepparent adopt their stepchild, the stepchild will acquire the right to claim an inheritance from the stepparent upon their death.
  • Adoption severs the rights of the biological parent and grants to the stepparent unfettered legal responsibility for the child.
  • Adoption can offer closure by legally dissolving ties between the non-custodial parent and the child.
  • Adoption affords the child the opportunity to legally change their surname to that of their stepparent.

How to Adopt Your Stepchild in Connecticut

To adopt your stepchild in Connecticut you can either hire a lawyer, visit your local courthouse and ask if they provide stepchild adoption court form packets, or you can purchase court forms through a service that specializes in stepchild adoption court forms.

Hire an Adoption Lawyer

In Connecticut, stepparents are not required by law to hire an adoption attorney for the adoption of their stepchild; however, they should consider getting legal help in order to ensure the smooth completion of the adoption process.

To ensure that the adoption process is carried out correctly and that the stepparent’s rights and responsibilities are fully understood, it is important to seek legal advice from a lawyer.

They can help with tasks such as filing paperwork and attending court hearings, making sure that all legal requirements are met.

If the biological parent does not give consent for adoption or if there is a complicated situation between the stepparent and biological parent, an attorney can help.

A lawyer who is familiar with adoption laws can also assist the stepparent in determining what is in the child’s best interest and how the adoption might affect their relationship with the other parent.

Although there is no guarantee of the result, enlisting the help of a lawyer during adoption can bring parents reassurance and ease the legal process.

Ultimately, it is recommended that a stepparent seeking to adopt a stepchild in Connecticut engage the services of an experienced lawyer to receive advice and support.

A lawyer can help ensure that the process goes smoothly and is done correctly while also taking into account the best interests of the child.

Click here for a board-certified adoption lawyer in Connecticut.

Visit Your Local Courthouse

If a stepparent is interested in adopting their stepchild, they should check with their local courthouse for information on the process. Many courthouses have adoption forms available for stepparents who wish to adopt their stepchildren.

These packets typically include information on the requirements and procedures for stepparent adoption, as well as the forms needed to initiate the process.

It is important to note that the process of stepparent adoption can vary depending on the state and the specific circumstances of the case.

Therefore, it is important for the stepparent to obtain all the necessary information and adoption forms from the local courthouse.

It’s also important to note that in some states, the stepparent will need to consult with a lawyer for the adoption process, especially if the other parent does not consent to the adoption.

Overall, checking with the local courthouse is a good first step for a stepparent who wishes to adopt their stepchild.

The courthouse can provide important information and resources to help the stepparent understand the process and move forward with the adoption.

For more information, visit the Connecticut Court System.

Purchase Stepchild Adoption Court Forms Through a Service

A stepparent interested in legally adopting their stepchild can purchase stepchild adoption court forms from a service like These services provide the necessary court forms and instructions for stepparent adoption, which can make the process simpler and ensure that all of the required data is included on the forms.

There’s also customer support available to make sure your forms are filled out properly.

It’s essential to recognize that these services offer court forms, yet they can’t replace and do not provide legal counsel.

A stepparent should consult a lawyer to understand the laws correctly and become aware of their rights and responsibilities as an adoptive parent, particularly if the other parent objects to the adoption.

These services may be beneficial when it comes to filling out documents, but in some scenarios, working with a lawyer is still necessary to submit the paperwork and go to a court hearing.

Visit here for more information on the requirements to adopt in Connecticut.

Curious about how much it would cost to adopt your stepchild? We put together an article just for you.

Adoption Process

Stepparents looking to legally adopt their stepchild must complete a specific set of steps that vary by state in order to establish their legal rights and responsibilities as the child’s parent. 

Filing of the Petition for Adoption

To begin the stepparent adoption process, a Petition for Adoption must be filed. This legal document outlines key information about the stepparent, the child, and the biological parent, officially initiating court proceedings.

The petition typically includes the following information:

  • The names, addresses, and dates of the biological parent, the child, and the stepparent.
  • The stepparent’s relationship with the child, including how long they’ve been involved and how they came to be in that position.
  • A justification for the stepparent’s desire to adopt the child.
  • The benefits of the adoption for the child should also be discussed, as well as the emotional connection between the stepparent and the adopted child.
  • The stepparent’s ability and readiness to meet the child’s needs on an emotional and material level.
  • Information on the child’s relationship with the biological parents, including whether they are in favor of the adoption and, if not, why they aren’t.

A stepparent who wishes to adopt a child must file a petition with the court that has jurisdiction over the child’s residence.

Afterward, they should also provide a copy of the petition to the other parent. The court will then set a date for a hearing.

It is critical to ensure that the petition is accurately filled out with all relevant information and filed in the correct court, as it may be the deciding factor for whether or not the adoption is granted.

To increase one’s chances of success, a lawyer should be consulted to provide legal advice and help during the completion and filing of the petition.

Home Study and Background Check

As part of the stepparent adoption process, a home study and background check are important steps to take. Their purpose is to verify that the stepparent is suitable to adopt the child and that their best interests are taken into consideration.

Home Study

A home study is an assessment of a potential stepparent’s living situation, parenting capabilities, and overall capacity as a parental figure.

This evaluation is typically completed by a social worker who meets with the stepparent, child, and other household members at their residence.

The social worker will assess the stepparent’s finances, job status, and medical documents.

Home studies generally involve reading materials, taking practice exams, and completing writing tasks.

  • The stepparent’s home should be assessed for safety, cleanliness, and the overall environment.
  • A comprehensive evaluation of the stepparent’s parenting styles and capability to meet the needs of the child in terms of physical, emotional, and education.
  • The stepparent’s connection with the child, including their emotional bond, should be taken into account.
  • An assessment of the child’s living circumstances, as well as how long they have been living with the stepparent.
  • Information regarding the child’s bond with the other parent and the potential consequences of adoption on that relationship.

Background Check

A background check for stepparents usually involves examining their criminal records, child abuse registry, and sex offender registry to ensure they have no offenses that would interfere with being an appropriate parent.

Additionally, a review of financial and employment records may be done.

To assess the potential stepparent’s suitability and to determine if the adoption is in the child’s best interests, the court will consider both a home study and background check.

Stepparents should be aware that the home study and background check procedures for becoming an adoptive parent differ from state to state, and should seek information about the process in their specific jurisdiction from their local court.

Consent of the Biological Parent

Obtaining the consent of the biological parent is a significant part of the stepparent adoption process. In general, most states mandate that the biological parent provide permission for the stepparent to adopt their stepchild.

A notarized consent form signed by the absent parent is usually required for stepparent adoption, indicating their willing relinquishment of parental rights in favor of the new guardian.

When the biological parent consents, they will usually sign a consent form when the stepparent submits an adoption petition.

If a biological parent is unwilling or cannot be located, the court may still proceed with the adoption, however, it may be subject to certain restrictions.

When deciding whether to grant the adoption, the court may take into account the best interest of the child, as well as the existing relationship between the child and their biological parent and its potential consequences should adoption be granted.

Before attempting to terminate the rights of a biological parent as a stepparent, it’s important that they consult their local court regarding any procedural differences among states and receive legal assistance.

Such advice and assistance can ensure the best interests of the child are served by considering all available options.

Termination of the Biological Parent’s Rights

Terminating the biological parent’s rights is an essential component of stepparent adoption. This process legally severs the legal relationship between the biological parent and the child, thus providing the stepparent with full parenting authority.

The rights of the biological parent can be terminated in one of two ways in the majority of states:

  • Voluntary Termination is when a biological parent agrees to give up their rights to the child by signing a consent form, usually done in conjunction with a stepparent submitting the adoption petition.
  • In cases where the biological parent does not consent to the adoption, or if the stepparent and the biological parent have a complicated relationship, involuntary termination can be ordered by a court to end the rights of the biological parent. This may include being found an unfit parent, abandoning their child, or failing to meet parental responsibilities. A motion to terminate parental rights will then be presented to provide guidance on what is in the best interest of the child.

After the biological parent’s rights are terminated, the stepparent becomes the legal parent of the child, bearing all of the same rights and responsibilities as a biological parent.

It is essential to understand that the process of removing a biological parent’s legal responsibility may be different from state to state and the stepparent should look into the local court guidelines for more information.

Moreover, it is essential that the stepparent seek advice from a lawyer to ensure they get legal assistance throughout their process.

Finalization of the Adoption

The finalization of the stepparent adoption process requires a court hearing where the judge reviews the adoption petition, home study, and any other supporting documentation.

This court hearing approves the legal parentage of the stepparent over the child, which provides them full parental rights and responsibilities.

At the end of the adoption process, the judge will assess testimony from the stepparent, child, and anyone else included in the case.

They will evaluate the adoption petition, and home study to see that the adoption provides the best possible outcome for the child.

Once satisfied with their findings, the judge will finalize an adoption order that makes the stepparent a legal parent of said child.

Once the adoption is finalized, the stepparent can obtain a revised birth certificate for the child listing them as a parent.

Additionally, the child can choose to change their surname to match that of the stepparent, and both parties will then have legal obligations as well as rights with respect to each other, including inheritance rights and decision-making authority over things like education, healthcare, and other areas of importance.

It is essential for the stepparent to be aware that the finalization of the adoption process may differ depending on the state.

Therefore, they should contact their local court for detailed information related to their particular state.

To make sure all legal aspects are covered, a lawyer should be consulted throughout the process.

It is essential to recognize that the process of legal adoption can take a while, and the stepparent must practice patience as this protocol is in place to ensure the safety and well-being of the child.

Once the adoption is complete, the stepparent shall assume all legal rights and duties that biological parents have, while the child will gain all the rights and responsibilities of those born of the stepparent.

These are entitlements to inheritance, decision-making about education, healthcare, and other pertinent matters as well as the privilege to legally alter their last name to match the stepparent’s family name.

Should I Adopt My Stepchild?

A part of life is that many parents find themselves remarried with stepchildren. You may be asking yourself, should I adopt my stepchild?

You should adopt your stepchild if you are prepared for a lifelong commitment. Adoption is permanent, and you cannot change your mind should you and your spouse later decide to divorce. If you are prepared to love and honor your commitment to your adopted stepchild, you should adopt your stepchild.

If you are considering adopting your stepchild or stepchildren, there are some things you will want to think about before taking the plunge.

It is safe to assume that you love your stepchild, so let’s go over some things to make sure you have covered all your bases.

It is important to remember that adopting your stepchild is a lifelong commitment. You may have a very good marriage now, but even good marriages can turn rocky.

At the beginning of a new marriage, you are in love and over the moon with happiness. Having romantic ideas of how the family dynamics will be is normal and sets a positive path forward.

Just know that you cannot simply change your mind about the adoption down the road if your marriage does not work out.

If you are unwilling to continue the parent/child relationship if your marriage goes south, then you should not adopt your stepchild.

Should the marriage end in divorce, you will still need to have cordial communications with the child’s other parent to co-parent your child.

Other things to consider would be if your marriage ended in divorce, you would be financially responsible for half of the expense of raising the child.

After a divorce, you would still be tied to your spouse for life, as you would both have a child together. Until the child turns 18 years of age, there will still be periods when the child resides with you.

No one wants to think about the possibility of divorce when things feel so right. Statistically, however, about half of all marriages end in divorce.

If you are not willing to make a lifelong commitment to a child, then you should not adopt the child.

Providing you do decide to proceed with the adoption of your stepchild, keep in mind that there are things you will want and need to do afterward to tie up any loose ends.

Do I Need a Lawyer to Adopt My Stepchild?

It’s a common question, do you need a lawyer to adopt your stepchild?

You do not need a lawyer to adopt your stepchild. Visit your local courthouse to acquire the required court forms and a list of requirements. Although you are not required to have an attorney to adopt your stepchild, hiring an attorney for any life-changing event is highly recommended.

You most certainly do not need an attorney to adopt your stepchild, as the process is a bit less complicated than other types of adoption.

Do-It-Yourself Stepparent Adoption in Connecticut

Attorneys are nice to have and can do the leg work for you, but you most certainly do not need an attorney to adopt your stepchild.

If you are feeling a bit lost and want more information on starting your adoption journey, you may want to visit Connecticut Adoption Requirements: Complete Guide.

Just keep in mind that many of the requirements will not apply to you if you are already residing with your stepchild.

Providing there is no anticipated legal battle from one of the biological parents, then one would be encouraged to obtain the court forms from your local courthouse, usually available to download online.

You may also wish to contact your local Department of Human Resources to speak to someone about how to process your adoption petition or reach out to your local courthouse.

Most courthouses have what is called a facilitator who helps guide you in the steps you need to take to complete legal processes without a lawyer.

Stepparent Adoption Contested by Biological Parent

Adopting a stepchild involves obtaining the permission of both biological parents. You will need the blessing of your spouse as well as the other parent.

How will the biological parent feel about the idea of a stepparent wanting to adopt their child? This depends on the relationship between the biological parent and the child.

There are times when the other parent will voluntarily terminate their rights to their child. Perhaps there is very little relationship between the parent and child.

If the stepparent has taken on the active parenting role, and if the biological parent recognizes their lack of involvement, they may agree to know the adoption decision is in the best interest of their child.

When the biological parent’s rights are terminated, it also frees them from court-ordered financial obligations. Sadly, this can be a huge motivating factor for some biological parents to voluntarily terminate their rights to their children.

What do you do, though, if the biological parent refuses to give permission and contests the adoption? States will almost always only allow two parents to have parental rights to a child.

However, there have been a few cases where the courts have allowed three parents.

States are required to take the parental rights of the biological parent very seriously and will only terminate their parental rights if the parent is proven to be unfit, is not the true biological parent, or has in essence abandoned the child.

A parent can be found to be unfit for several reasons. Examples of an unfit parent can be things like being abusive or neglectful. Are they incarcerated or have they been incarcerated?

Is the biological parent’s home environment safe for this child? What type of people do they hang out with and have visited their homes? Many things can deem a parent unfit.

For a parent to be accused of parental abandonment, the parent must not have spent any time with the child or paid child support in a very long time, usually a year.

If there is a question of paternity and it can be proven through the court system that the “biological” parent is not the parent, after all, that opens the door for adoption possibilities.

However, the rights tend to be placed with the biological parent, so that can be a tricky scenario.

Telling a Child Their Stepparent is Adopting Them

Depending on the age of this child being adopted, you will most certainly be excited to tell them the good news! In some states, a child over a certain age will need to permit to be adopted.

Not telling the child they are being adopted by the stepparent can create mistrust and hurt down the road, so think twice if you were planning on not telling them until later.

I strongly encourage you to not keep the adoption hidden from the child or children. Allow them the opportunity to be excited about being adopted! Involve them in the process and celebrate!

And hats off to you if you are a stepparent considering adopting your stepchild. It takes a huge heart and unconditional love to adopt a child that is not biologically yours.

And when you are helping raise a child, you are already a huge part of their life whether you make it official or not.

What are the Home Study Requirements for Stepparent Adoptions in Connecticut?

Prior to permitting an adoption to take place, a home study or home study is a screening of the home and lives of potential adoptive parents.

A home study is needed by legislation in some countries, as well as in all international adoptions. Even though it isn’t legally needed, an adoption agency may insist on it.

Massachusetts law allows the court to waive the home study for both step-parent and co-parent adoptions.

Does the Stepchild Have to Consent to an Adoption in Connecticut?

A child who is fourteen (14) years and older must provide signed consent to their own adoption in Connecticut. Younger children are not required to give their consent.

You are encouraged to proceed with a stepparent adoption during a time when your stepchild will react favorably to knowing you are adopting them.

Important to remember when planning to adopt your stepchild is that it is likely your stepchild has been through quite a lot.

Absent biological parents not voluntarily involved in their child’s life can be a painful emotion to live with for your stepchild.

Another thing to consider is the timing of the stepparent adoption. Was there a divorce previous to your marriage with your stepchild’s parent that your stepchild is still reeling from?

Children often suffer emotionally from the loss of a biological parent. Even a marriage viewed as a positive step forward takes time for a child to adjust to.

Consider letting the dust settle between major life events.

Can a Child Be Adopted Without the Father’s Consent in Connecticut?

Under citation code Gen. Stat. §§ 45a-724; 45a-715, a father’s consent to an adoption in Connecticut involves the following:

The following persons may give a child in adoption:

  • A statutory parent
  • Any parent of a minor child who agrees in writing with his or her spouse that the spouse shall adopt or join in the adoption of the child if that parent is:
    • The surviving parent if the other parent has died
    • The mother of a child born out of wedlock provided that there is a putative father who has been notified and the rights of the putative father have been terminated
    • A former single person who adopted a child and thereafter married
    • The sole guardian of the child, if the parental rights, if any, of any person other than the parties to that agreement have been terminated
  • Any parent of a minor child who agrees in writing with the other person who shares parental responsibility for the child that the other person shall adopt or join in the adoption of the child, if the parental rights, if any, of any other person other than the parties to that agreement have been terminated
  • For any minor child who is free for adoption, the child’s guardian who agrees in writing with a relative that the relative shall adopt the child

Consent of the parent is not needed if parental rights have been involuntarily terminated because the parent has:

  • Abandoned the child by failing to maintain a reasonable degree of interest, concern, or responsibility for the welfare of the child
  • Subjected the child to sexual molestation and exploitation, severe physical abuse, or a pattern of abuse
  • Failed to establish an ongoing parent-child relationship with the child
  • Been found by the court to have neglected the child in a prior proceeding, or whose child has been in the custody of the commissioner for at least 15 months and has failed to achieve such degree of personal rehabilitation as would encourage the belief that, within a reasonable time, considering the age and needs of the child, the parent could assume a responsible position in the life of the child
  • Had his or her parental rights in regard to another child previously terminated
  • Killed through a deliberate, nonaccidental act another child of the parent or has requested, commanded, importuned, attempted, conspired, or solicited such killing or has committed an assault, through a deliberate, nonaccidental act that resulted in serious bodily injury of another child of the parent
  • Been convicted as an adult or a delinquent by a court of competent jurisdiction of sexual assault resulting in the conception of a child

Trina Greenfield, Author
SmackDown Media LLC

About the Author:
Trina Greenfield, the owner of SmackDown Media LLC, is passionate about providing information to those considering growing their family. Trina is a seasoned writer, content creator, and website owner with a passion for unbiased research, educational platforms for children and adults, as well as all things family-related.